Invalidating childhood environments in anorexia and bulimia nervosa
Participants struggling with negative affect may therefore balance their mood by consuming large quantities of food and then purge to avoid the unattractive consequences of their binge. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40, 718-726.
In a further study, Anestis, Smith, Fink and Joiner (2009) identified that individuals with eating disorder symptoms struggled to regulate negative emotions but not positive emotions, and thus proposed eating disorder symptoms served to dull their awareness of painful affects.
While there has been a large amount of research conducted exploring the risk factors for developing anorexia and bulimia, further exploration is required to obtain a more detailed and thorough understanding. A larger version of the study is currently being conducted as part of Natalie’s PHD program. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed). Self-esteem references can be refer to global (ie I am a good/bad person) or a specific (I am a good/bad writer) personal traits. Social and body self-esteem in adolescents with eating disorders. Invalidating childhood environments in anorexia and bulimia. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 17, 519-527. A number of studies have demonstrated that impaired global self-esteem is often present in conjunction with ED symptoms including AN and/or BN (Karatzias et al., 2010; Gila, Castro, Gomez, & Toro, 2005; Jacobi et al., 2004) as is low body-related self-esteem (Gila et al.; Mendelson, Mc Laren, Gauvin ,& Steiger, 2002), with Mendelson et al. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 1, 63-71. Overton, Selway, Strongman and Houston (2005) then differentiated between the regulation strategies and experiences of anorexic and bulimic individuals. They claimed that anorexics manage negative affect through over-control and emotional suppression while bulimics engage in under-regulation and are thus subject to experiencing a flood of distressing and uncontrollable negative affect.